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# Online Perfect Tense-for/since

Perfect Tense-for/since
Using the present perfect, we can define a period of time before now by considering its duration, with for + a period of time, or by considering its starting point, with since + a point in time. FOR and SINCE can also both be used with the past perfect. SINCE can only be used with perfect tenses. FOR can also be used with the simple past.

### For + a period of time

for six years, for a week, for a month, for hours, for two hours
I have worked here for five years.

### Since + a point in time

since this morning, since last week, since yesterday
since I was a child, since Wednesday, since 2 o’clock
I have worked here since 1990.

### Present perfect with FOR

1. She has lived here for twenty years.
2. We have taught at this school for a long time.
3. Shukri has been married for three months.
4. They have been at the hotel for a week.

### Present perfect with SINCE

1. She has lived here since 1980.
2. We have taught at this school since 1965.
3. Shukri has been married since March 2nd.
4. They have been at the hotel since last Tuesday.

## Five essential points to remember:

1. The meaning of since – whether a conjunction , an adverb or a preposition – is determined by the structures and tenses used.
2. Since as a conjunction: when the verb of a subordinate clause with since is in a past tense, since normally implies time.
3. Since as a conjunction:  when the verb of a subordinate clause with since is in a present tense, since normally implies cause .

4.  Since and for as prepositions.

• Since is used when an event is situated in relation to a moment in time,
• for when it is in relation to a period of time or duration.

The verb in the main clause is normally in the present-perfect tense.

5. Since as an adverb. Since can stand on its own in a sentence; in this case it is a an adverb with the meaning “since then”.
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