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must & must not/may not

 

must & must not/may not

 

Use Examples
force, necessity I must go to the supermarket today.
possibility You must be tired.
advice, recommendation You must see the new film with Brad Pitt.

6. must not/may not

 

Use Examples
prohibition (must is a little stronger) You mustn’t work on dad’s computer.
You may not work on dad’s computer.

7. need not

Use Examples
sth. is not necessary I needn’t go to the supermarket, we’re going to the restaurant tonight.

8. ought to

simliar to shouldought to sounds a little less subjective

Use Examples
advice You ought to drive carefully in bad weather.
obligation You ought to switch off the light when you leave the room.

9. shall

used instead of will in the 1st person

Use Examples
suggestion Shall I carry your bag?

10. should

Use Examples
advice You should drive carefully in bad weather.
obligation You should switch off the light when you leave the room.

11. will

Use Examples
wish, request, demand, order (less polite than would) Will you please shut the door?
prediction, assumption I think it will rain on Friday.
promise I will stop smoking.
spontaneous decision Can somebody drive me to the station? – I will.
habits She’s strange, she‘ll sit for hours without talking.

12. would

Use Examples
wish, request (more polite than will) Would you shut the door, please?
habits in the past Sometimes he would bring me some flowers.