Phase 2 Make up session (Puntland)
This is a brief preparatory program for phase 2. It contains a series of exercise on paragraphs.
Paragraphs are groups of related sentences that form complete units. They usually support the main ideas of an essay, article, or story; however, every paragraph has an identity and an idea of its own.
A paragraph is like a miniature essay. For practice in paragraph development and unity, Section 5
will ask you to identify the best topic sentence for a particular paragraph, to find the sentence that best develops a topic, and to eliminate the sentence that does not belong. You will also choose the best order for a group of sentences. The guideline below will help you organize your paragraphs. Since paragraphs and essays are similar in structure, these guidelines can be applied to the organization of an entire essay.
✓ Write a paragraph to explore a single idea using a topic sentence near the beginning of the paragraph.
✓ Maintain paragraph unity, the logical development of a single idea in a group of related sentences, by using:
- a consistent organizing strategy. Paragraphs not only present ideas, they group detailed information necessary to develop ideas. Organizing strategies arrange that information into logical and easy-to-anticipate patterns. These patterns can be top-to-bottom, left-to-right, near-to-far, then-to-now, beginning-to-ending, general-to-specific, least important-to-most important, least familiar-to-most familiar or simplest-to most complex. Other strategies use stories, descriptions, examples, definitions, categorizations, comparisons and contrasts, or causes and effects to logically organize information. As you become more proficient at writing, you will probably incorporate more than one strategy in a paragraph.
- parallelisms. By arranging sentences in identical patterns, a writer can convey that two different things are equally important. Patterning sentence structure is called parallelism.➞Ahmed quickly ran to the store; Farah also quickly ran to the store. It was a race to see who was fastest.
- repeated words or word groups. Though similar to parallelisms, repeated word groups can occur anywhere in a sentence.